Ancient Greeks already knew the magnet in the 6th century BC. But they were not even aware of its meaning. The famous philosopher Thales (640 – 546 BC) thought that the magnet stone had a soul, so it had pull and repulsion properties, but he was not aware of the magnetic field.
Ancient sailors determined their direction by looking at the stars. However, this method did not work on cloudy nights. The northward facing feature on the magnet was first discovered by Chinese sailors in the 1st century.
Can you imagine there was a time when the paper was not invented? Do you have at least one day when you don’t use paper? I do not think so. This is the main reason paper is considered one of the best inventions in the world.
Although papyrus and amat are used in the Mediterranean world and pre-Columbian America, these materials are not identified as real paper. The first papermaking process was documented in China during the Eastern Han period (25-220 AD), traditionally attributed to court attendant Cai Lun.
People had great difficulty with migration until the wheel was invented. The wheel has been a solution to very important problems in agriculture and trade as well as transportation. Wheels or cogs are the basis of many technologies today. Thanks to their usefulness, we can call wheels one of the best inventions.
The idea of a wheel probably arose from the pushing of objects placed on a side-by-side tree trunks. The oldest record about the wheel is the Sumerian (Uruk) pictogram, which depicts a wheeled sled from 3,500 BC.
Penicillin was first discovered by Scottish scientist Alexander Fleming in 1928. It is one of the most famous inventions in history. Alexander Fleming has saved millions of lives so far. You can see these words in the first ad posted after mass production: “Thanks to PENICILLIN …He will come home“. This makes penicillin one of the best inventions of all time for humanity.
The clock was first used in Egypt around 4000 BC. The first mechanical clock was made by Yi Xing of China in 725, after the sundial, water clock, and hourglass were used by the Egyptians and Chinese for a long time to keep track of time.
Until 1793, communication was done in primitive ways in the world. Many primitive methods were used as a means of communication, such as a mirror, pigeon, burning fire, and letters. Although the telegraph is not considered valuable today, it was a perfect invention under the conditions of that time. This device, in which electricity was used for the first time, was invented by the French “Claude Chappe” and later developed.
The telephone, on which dozens of inventors worked on it at the time, was first patented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. The great role of the telephone in global communication and business life is indisputable. Of course, the phone made by Graham Bell has nothing to do with today’s phone. Renewed with the development of technology, smartphones are now an indispensable part of our lives. Undoubtedly one of the most loved and best inventions in the world!
8. Light Bulb
The light bulb was an idea that had been worked on for 50 years. As we all know, Thomas Edison found the light bulb. He prevented the use of electricity to illuminate the light bulb in some way and continued his work continuously. The carbonized elements were turned into threads and placed inside the air evacuated bulb, resulting in light. Thanks to this idea of Edison, the light bulbs that were given electricity finally started to burn. Obviously, one of the best, useful, and important inventions!
Can you imagine our modern life without the internet? I think it is safe to say that the internet is one of the best inventions of all time, especially if we consider that online work and online learning are the most important part of our lives due to the Covid-19.
The Internet enables billions of people to communicate anywhere in the world. It was developed in 1960 by several computer engineers for the American Defense Industry. This led to the spread of the American Intelligence Agency CIA around the world.
The first determination of the calendar records started with the recording of the daily cycles of the month. The modern calendar was not used much until the 1600s, so many calendar forms were created that were used to fill a unified system. The calendar we use today was introduced to humanity by Pope Gregory XIII in 1583.